The village of Bagnols-en-Forêt
Discover the village of Bagnols-en-Forêt, one of the 9 hilltop villages of the Pays de Fayence!
An ideal localisation in the heart of the territory Esterel Côte d'Azur
Bagnols-en-Forêt : a little bit of history...
Prehistoric and Roman origins
The territory of Bagnols, enclosed within natural boundaries, has been occupied since the prehistoric times. The oppidum of the Fortress, occupied from 800 to 50 B.C., is another example of this. In the 1st century B.C., the Romans fought the Gallic tribes. When Caesar arrived, he founded Forum Julii (the former name of Fréjus) around 45 B.C. They benefited of this small depression located near the coast but far enough away from unhealthy marshy areas. They developed cultivation, livestock, forests and built "villae" (habitat areas), thermal baths and baths fed by the many rivers, streams and springs. This is probably where the name Bagnols comes from: BALNEOLIS.
A long period of unrest began during the barbarian invasions (Visigoths, then Ostrogoths) and in 536, the Franks occupied the whole country. During this period of war and uncertainty, the inhabitants took refuge on the heights of Bayonne and built the slopes with stone reservoirs for cultivation.
Middle Ages & feudalism
Between the 6th and 10th centuries, the historical archives in Provence were poor, destroyed largely during the invasions of the moors and barbarians. From the 11th century the texts gave rise to the designation of Castrum de Bagnols. On the human and social level, there is a relationship between the inhabitants of the Gallo-Roman domains and its continuity on the medieval castrum. Indeed, the location of the current village dates back to the Middle Ages. The owners of these large rural estates became the first lords, pushed by servants and settlers who sought help and protection. This is how feudalism was born in our regions. In 1440, the bishop became lord of the whole territory. At the end of the 14th and beginning of the 15th centuries, the looters devastated and burned everything in their path and Bagnols was totally deserted. Life then stopped completely in Bagnols for 85 years.
Renaissance and renewal
With the arrival of King René in Provence in 1470, economic recovery began due to an era of peace that was taking hold. It would take another 7 years for the bishop of Frejus, Urbano de Flisco, named by the pope and still residing in Rome, to send his brother Hector to visit his diocese. Given the attractions of this territory, the bishop gave Bagnols the means to get out of this abandonment by bringing Italian families from Pieve di Teco (Albenga district) and giving them land to farm.
An important historical heritage!
Things to do in Bagnols-en-forêt
After visiting the village's cultural heritage, take the opportunity to discover all the leisure activities offered by the village of Bagnols-en-Forêt! On the way to a sporting discovery of the Esterel hinterland, on foot or by bike, there is no shortage of resources. Cycling, mountain biking, hiking, climbing: the perfect solution against stress, to get a breath of fresh air.
The Blavet GorgesDiscover
The sentier des Meules
(Varois Quality Trail)Discover
Learn about climbing
(Information & booking +33 4 94 19 10 60)Discover
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